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    HISTORY OF THE COMPETITION

   The men's competition (Lugano Trophy) was first held in 1961. A women's competition (Eschborn Cup) was introduced in 1979, although an unofficial women's match was first held in 1975. Up to 1985 a semi-final round was held, however since then the event has been held as a straight final. An official separate team competition for the two men's distances was introduced in 1993 and the men's overall competition discontinued after 1997. From 1999 team scores were calculated by aggregating the positions of the first 3 finishers from a maximum of 5 competitors. Prior to this date team scores were calculated by aggregating the points (based on position in race) awarded to the first 3 finishers. Junior events were first held in 2004 with team scores calculated by aggregating the positions of the first 2 finishers from a maximum of 3 competitors.

        PARTICIPANTS
        Men Women
Dates Venue Title Countries 20km 50km 5km
10km
20km
TT
1961 15/16.10 Lugano, SUI Lugano Trophy 4/10 12 12 - 24
1963 12/13.10 Varese, ITA Lugano Trophy 6/12 18 18 - 36
1965 9/10.10 Pescara, ITA Lugano Trophy 7/11 21 21 - 42
1967 15.10 Bad Saarow, GDR Lugano Trophy 8/14 24 24 - 48
1970 10/11.10 Eschborn, FRG Lugano Trophy 8/14 30 30 - 60
1973 12/13.10 Lugano, SUI Lugano Trophy 9/18 35 35 - 70
1975 11/12.10 Le Grand Quevilly, FRA Lugano Trophy 9/16 36 35 - 71
1977 24/25.09 Milton Keynes, GBR Lugano Trophy 12/19 48 48 - 96
1979 29/30.09 Eschborn, FRG IAAF Race Walking World Cup 17/21 54 55 40 149
1981 3/4.10 Valencia, ESP IAAF Race Walking World Cup 18/23 58 59 50 316
1983 24/25.09 Bergen, NOR IAAF Race Walking World Cup 18/21 55 54 64 173
1985 28/29.09 St. John’s (Isle of Man) IAAF Race Walking World Cup 17/26 63 53 48 164
1987 2/3.05 New York, USA IAAF Race Walking World Cup 36 136 135 90 241
1989 27/28.05 L’Hospitalet, ESP IAAF World Race Walking Cup 31 130 132 106 368
1991 1/2.06 San Jose, USA IAAF Race Walking World Cup 33 129 125 91 345
1993 24/25.04 Monterrey, MEX IAAF Reebok Race Walking World Cup 35 107 99 98 304
1995 29/30.04 Beijing, CHN IAAF Reebok Race Walking World Cup 36 124 103 104 331
1997 19/20.04 Podebrady, CZE IAAF Race Walking World Cup 47 140 108 107 355
1999 1/2.05 Mézidon-Canon, FRA IAAF Race Walking World Cup 57 140 110 123 373
2002 12/13.10 Torino, ITA IAAF Race Walking World Cup 51 111 93 95 299
2004 1/2.05 Naumburg, GER IAAF Race Walking World Cup 54 116 94 98 308
      junior (10km) 63 53 116
From 1961 to 1985 were preliminary rounds and a final. Firstly given here is number of countries in the final and second is the total number of countries competing including final and preliminary rounds.

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